IOTA [MIOTA] released a research paper titled ”IOTA Feasibility and Perspectives for Enabling Vehicular Applications” on 29th August, which discusses the possibilities of using IOTA Tangle as an underlying feature to enhance privacy in vehicular applications.
The paper authored by Paulo C. Bartolomeu [DETI, IT], Emanuel Vieira [DETI], and Joaquim Ferreira [ESTGA, IT] speaks about the very interesting Automobile Industry. Over the recent years, the automotive industry has undergone a huge shapeshift from what it originally was. Lately, industries and businesses have started migrating to the ‘much-talked-about concept’, the “Internet of Things” [IoT] where all small and big things referred to as ‘smart things’ are connected through the Internet.
The concept of IoT has been significantly adopted by the automobile industry in the recent past. The adoption brought forward the idea of ‘Autonomous Vehicles’ [driverless/self-driving vehicles]. The transition has been very notable. The paper stated:
“Vehicles became autonomous and (wireless) communications have evolved to provide connectivity with quality of service and flexibility tailored to enable such applications.”
It further explained:
“The future of transport and mobility will surely be enabled by autonomous vehicles encompassing sensing capabilities that can cooperate with each other and share their sensing resources and perspective with the nearby infrastructures and neighboring vehicles.”
In the authors’ opinion, many challenges remain ahead in terms of key aspects like privacy, security, and anonymity. The authors briefly attempt to explain hackings of vehicular systems that have happened in the past. Citing an example from 2015, the authors stated:
“In 2015, Charlie Miller and Chris Valasek have demonstrated that they could take control over the Internet of a Jeep Cherokee’s entertainment system by meddling with the dashboard functions, steering, brakes, and transmission, all from a laptop that could be anywhere in the world.”
Furthermore, the emerging blockchain technology can propose as a new security solution that complements the existing ones. The authors stated:
“Over the last few years the blockchain technology has managed to attract immense attention due to its intrinsic properties such as trustless operation, immutability, transparency, easy verification, cryptographic security, auditability and independence of third parties.”
According to the research, an increasing number of applications are adopting blockchain technology. However, an increase in the use of blockchain technology has brought many concerns like the reliance on the private key, high computing power, latency, bias towards nodes. Here, the authors bring in IOTA’s Tangle as a solution.
The authors attempted to analyze IOTA’s feasibility through a globally set up analysis and then observe the result of the experiment.
The experiment used a basic test setup using two nodes [NodeA], hosted in Norway, and a private node [node B] hosted in a Virtual Private Server [VPS] in Germany. The latter was connected to the Tangle network using the CarrIOTA Nelson project. The authors aimed to identify key operational performance parameters. Parameters like latency and privacy were put to test.
The paper concluded that the IOTA Tangle exhibits smaller transaction delays than the existing public blockchain, making it an ideal candidate for vehicular applications. The authors also came to a second conclusion stating that it also supports enabling of privacy in vehicular communications with no or negligible latency overhead.
The use cases of the IoT based blockchain has spread its wings in the recent weeks. Earlier this month, the Japanese tech giant Fujitsu announced that they will be rolling out IOTA as their new protocol standard.